In 1960 a law was passed that gives the originator of a work the right to decide how it may be used (Swedish Copyright Legislation, Act 1960:729). All orginators, irrespective of nationality, receive the same protection and, contrary to when a patent application is filed, no formal application is necessary. The right to copy pages from works protected by copyright is very limited.
The originator is the person who has created an original work. It may consist of having written a book, developed a computer programme, taken a photo, composed a piece of music or painted a picture that does not resemble anyone else's work.
No formal application is necessary to receive this protection. The work must however have certain qualities.
A work is, according to the Copyright Act, protected for 70 years after the death of the originator. If the work has several originators the work is protected for 70 years after the death of the last originator. The symbol for copyright © may function as a reminder that the work is protected, but has no legal function in Sweden.
Copyright consists of:
The originator does not have unrestricted exclusive rights to his or her work. There are exceptions that restrict the exclusiveness. In this case an assessment of the interests of the originators and society is made.
The Copyright Act does not apply to:
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