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What is a scientific article?

A scientific article is written by scientists for a scholarly audience. A peer-reviewed journal article means that the article's scientific quality has been checked by other scientists before publication.

Elements of a scientific article

A scientific paper includes the following elements:

  • Abstract - a brief summary of the article that addresses purpose, methods, results and conclusion.
  • Introduction - background information, aim and problem statements
  • Method - describes the method used, so precisely that it is possible for the reader to follow and repeat the research process.
  • Results - presentation of the results in text and optionally with tables, charts and figures.
  • Discussion - this section discusses the research results and the principles, relationships, or generalizations which are certified by the study's results. Possible weaknesses in the study is discussed here.
  • Reference list - all the documents that the author referred to shall be included in the reference list.




Search journals in Ulrichweb and see if they are peer-reviewed. The following symbol appears next to the titles in the database if they are reviewed (refereed).

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