This page contains enriched content visible when JavaScript is enabled or by clicking here.



Interviews, telephone conversations, email, letters and lectures are oral sources while usenet groups are treated as printed electronic sources. When it comes to references to oral sources you must have the consent of the persons concerned.

According to the Harvard system, the oral sources should not be in the list of references, but in a footnote on the pages where they are mentioned. 

Textual reference

In the text you write:

  • Halse (1) framhöll att den typ av tjänsteproduktion som Aerotech Telub erbjuder är en viktig del av Saabs kärnverksamhet.
  • Näverå (2) påpekar att e-böcker ska marknadsföras...

In the footnote you write:

  • (1) Bengt Halse VD Saab, intervju den 11 April 2002.
  • (2 )Elisabeth Näverå Librarian Högskolan Väst, e-mail 19 August 2011

Kontakta biblioteket

Ring 0520 - 22 34 10 eller maila
Chatta med en bibliotekarie - vi svarar mellan kl. 10-17 alla helgfria vardagar under vår- och hösttermin.

Contact the Library

Phone 0520 - 22 34 10 or e-mail
Chat with a librarian - we are avaliable weekdays between 10 -17 o'clock during spring and autumn semester.