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Author's last name, first name (year of publication). The book's title. Place of publication: Publisher.

  • A book can be published serveral times with the same title. If there has been changes in the text, this is called a new edition. If there is information about edition, this shall be included in the reference. Reprints shall not be stated.
  • If the document belongs to a series, details about the series shall be written within brackets at the end of the reference.

Textual reference

The textual reference consists of a parenthesis containing the author's surname, the publication year and the page. An alternative is to write the surname in the text, and just the publication year and page in the parenthesis.

One author
(O'Quinn, 1999)

Two authors
(Mossberg & Sundström, 2011)

Three authors
(Moore, McCabe & Craig, 2012)

More than three authors
(Winch et al. 2011)

In the reference list, all authors of the article shall be included in the reference, but use et al. in the textual reference if there are more than three authors.

Are you referring to a chapter in a book, your reference would be entered for the chapter author, see Chapter/part in book.

One editor
(Langford red. 2000)

More than one editor
(Hjerm & Peterson, reds. 2007)

Author and editor missing
(Arbetsgivaren och arbetsrätten : en introduktion. 2001)

Organization, authority etc. as author
(Svenska språknämnden, 2005)


In the reference list

One author
O'Quinn, Donnie (1999). Photoshop in a nutshell : a desktop quick reference. 2. ed. Sebastopol: O'Reilly

Two authors
Mossberg, Lena & Sundström, Malin (2011). Marknadsföringsboken. Lund: Studentlitteratur

Three authors
Moore, David S., McCabe, George P. & Craig, Bruce A. (2012). Introduction to the practice of statistics. 7th ed. New York: W. H. Freeman

More than three authors
Winch, Gordon et al. (2011). Literacy: reading, writing and children's literature. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press

One editor
Langford, Duncan (red.) (2000). Internet ethics. Basinstroke: Macmillan

More than one editor
Hjerm, Mikael & Peterson Abby  (red.) (2007). Etnicitet : perspektiv på samhället. Malmö: Gleerups utbildning

Author and editor missing
Arbetsgivaren och arbetsrätten : en introduktion. (2001). 9. uppl. Stockholm: Transportgruppen

Organization, authority etc. as author
Svenska språknämnden (2005). Svenska skrivregler. Stockholm: Liber

Sverige. Utredningen om en översyn av statens fastighetsförvaltning. (2011) Staten som fastighetsägare och hyresgäst: betänkande. Stockholm: Fritzes. (SOU 2011:31)

Different editions
Kotler, Philip & Keller, Kevin Lane (2009). Marketing management. 13. ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall

Books in series
Lavoie, Don & Camlee-Wright, Emily (2000). Culture and enterprise : the development, representation and morality of business. London: Routledge. (Routledge studies in the modern world economy, 26)

Part of a publication
FASB (Financial Accounting Standards Board) (2001). Accounting standards : original pronouncements. Ed. 2001/2002. Vol. 2, FASB statements of standards, p. 101-140. Stamford, Conn.: FASS

Selnes, F., & Sallis, J. (2003). Promoting relationship learning. I Egan, J. & Harker, M.J. (red.), Relationship marketing. Vol.3. Paradigm or perspective: The future of relationship marketing. London: SAGE Publications, p. 277-304


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